Clean Water FAQs

Clean water problems are often big news, whether it’s ongoing crises in American locales like Flint, Michigan or Newark, New Jersey; in 11 cities across the world forecasting as most likely to run out of drinking water; or the widespread concern that two-thirds of the world will face shortages by 2025.

And yet, “water stress is the biggest crisis no one is talking about,” says Andrew Steer, President and CEO of the World Resources Institute. “Its consequences are in plain sight in the form of food insecurity, conflict and migration, and financial instability.”1

Water Stress: The Underdiscussed Global Crisis


One recent report from World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations International Children’s Fund (UNICEF) says that 785 million people lack a basic drinking-water service. Globally, at least 2 billion people use a source contaminated with feces. Contaminated water can transmit diseases such as diarrhea, cholera, and dysentery.2 The U.S. Centers for Disease Control says an estimated 801,000 children younger than 5 perish from diarrhea annually, mostly in developing countries.3

Not only is safe, readily available clean water important for public health, WHO says improved water supply, sanitation, and better management of resources “can boost countries’ economic growth and can contribute greatly to poverty reduction.”4

Water Scarcity

Water scarcity is defined as a lack of freshwater to meet the needs of the population. Many estimate that by 2025 half of the world’s population will be living in water-stressed areas.

Water Solutions

Hydration is essential for life, and that’s why water solutions are so important. It is estimated that 785 million people lack a basic drinking water source—either fresh water isn’t available nearby or that water is contaminated.

Types of Water Wells

The “watering hole” is an important location in most societies. Whether it be the water cooler at work or the community well, water sources bring people together. There are various types of water wells around the world—each type having pros and cons.

Access to Clean Water

Access to clean water is vitally important and remains a challenge in many areas of the world. For many of us, we simply turn on the faucet and fresh drinking water pours out. But many people around the world have no access to clean water. They are left thirsty.

While most people in developed countries have ample access to clean water, 1.1 billion people worldwide lack such access. Someone must donate clean water if these precious people are ever to live healthy lives, free of waterborne disease.

Well Drilling

There are numerous organizations that offer well drilling services. While many such organizations do so for profit, other organizations—including GFA World—drill wells free of charge for impoverished communities in need. Worldwide, particularly in developing regions such as Asia and Africa, 1.1 billion people lack access to clean, safe drinking water.1 Water well drilling offers a potential solution to this water crisis.

Water Projects in Africa

With one in three people of Africa’s population facing water scarcity, the need for water projects in Africa is vast. Even when people in Africa have access to water, it is often from unprotected water sources that frequently carry various diseases. As much as two-thirds of people in sub-Saharan Africa rely on such water sources. 2 In some areas, such as sub-Saharan Africa, “40 percent of the population lacks safe drinking water,” according to National Geographic.

Water Stress

Even though the majority of the earth’s surface is covered with water, only 3 percent of that water is fresh water, and 1 percent is accessible for human consumption and agriculture.1 In addition, the world’s population continues to grow. When the growing demand for water exceeds the supply, it leads to water stress.

Global Water Crisis

With 1.1 billion people lacking access to clean water and 4 billion people experiencing water scarcity at least one month of the year, one might say the world is facing a global water crisis. Some experts predict the situation will only worsen as populations grow and the demand for limited water resources increases.

Types of Water Wells

Accessing clean, drinkable water is essential for human existence, yet it remains an issue in many parts of the world today. With the growing global water crisis, accessing water through wells will become increasingly important. There are three types of water wells: dug, driven and drilled.

1 Cassella, Carly. “Nearly 25% of The World’s Population Faces a Water Crisis, And We Can’t Ignore It.” Science Alerthttps://www.sciencealert.com/17-countries-are-facing-extreme-water-stress-and-they-hold-a-quarter-of-the-world-s-population. August 7, 2019.
2 “Drinking-water. Key facts.” World Health Organization. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/drinking-water, June 14, 2019.
3 “Global Water, Sanitation, & Hygiene (WASH).” Centers for Disease Control. https://www.cdc.gov/healthywater/global/wash_statistics.html. Accessed September 17, 2020.
4 “Drinking-water. Key facts.”. World Health Organization. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/drinking-water, June 14, 2019.